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Discharge Instructions for Bronchiectasis

You have been diagnosed with bronchiectasis. This occurs when your bronchial tubes (tubes that move air from the windpipe to the lungs) become blocked with mucus. When this happens, infection can occur. You are most likely to develop bronchiectasis if you have cystic fibrosis or another lung disease. Smoking, breathing in foreign objects (such as food), or recurrent lung infections can also cause it. Here’s what you can do to feel better.

Break the Smoking Habit

  • Enroll in a stop-smoking program to increase your chances of success.

  • Ask your doctor about medications or other methods to help you quit.

  • Ask family members to quit smoking as well.

  • Don’t allow smoking in your home or around you.

Other Home Care

  • Learn percussion and postural drainage. Perform it 2-3 times a day. Ask your healthcare provider for instructions.

  • Learn to perform controlled breathing. Ask your healthcare provider for instructions.

  • Take your medication exactly as directed. Don’t skip doses or take double doses.

  • Eat a balanced diet.

  • Unless told otherwise, drink at least 8 glasses of fluid every day to thin mucus and secretions.

  • Maintain a healthy weight. Get help to lose any extra pounds.

  • Get a flu shot every year. Ask your doctor about a pneumonia vaccination.

  • Avoid allergens, pollution, and dust.

  • Get immediate medical treatment for infections.

  • Consider installing a home air-conditioning system with a filter and humidity control.


Make a follow-up appointment as directed by our staff.

When to Seek Medical Attention

Call 911 right away if you have:

  • Chest pain.

  • Shortness of breath that is not relieved with medication.

Otherwise, call your doctor immediately if you have:

  • Fever above 101.4°F

  • Yellow, green, bloody, or smelly mucus

  • More than normal mucus production


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