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Managing Fibromyalgia

Fibromyalgia may not go away. But it doesn’t have to keep you from doing what you enjoy. You can feel better. You and your doctor can work together to develop a plan.

Take Medications as Directed

You may be given medications to help reduce pain and improve sleep. These may be prescription or over-the-counter drugs. Take them as your healthcare provider directs.

Get ExerciseWoman swimming.

Gentle exercise can help lessen your pain. Try these tips:

  • Choose low-impact sports, such as walking, biking, and swimming or other water exercises.

  • Don’t push yourself too hard. Build up your strength and endurance slowly, over time.

  • Stick to it. For the most relief, exercise should become part of your daily life.

Get a Good Night’s Rest

To help you get more sleep, try the tips below:

  • Sleep only in a bed, not on a couch or chair.

  • Don’t watch TV, read, or work in bed.

  • Go to bed and get up at the same time each day.

  • Try to avoid naps.

  • Avoid alcohol, caffeine, and tobacco for at least 3 hours before going to bed. Avoid fluids in the evening.

Other Things You Can Do

No one knows what causes fibromyalgia. But stress, poor eating habits, and extra weight can make it worse. These tips may help you feel better:

  • Eat a balanced diet and watch your weight.

  • Learn ways to reduce or manage the stress in your life.

  • Ask your healthcare provider for resources to help you make changes. Or check out the resources below.


  • Arthritis Foundation

  • National Fibromyalgia Association

  • American Fibromyalgia Syndrome Association

  • Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Fibromyalgia


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