Inner Ear Problems: Causes of Dizziness (Vertigo) - Fairview Health Services
 
Print
Request Appointment

Inner Ear Problems: Causes of Dizziness (Vertigo)

Benign Positional Vertigo (BPV)

Image

This is the most common cause of vertigo. BPV (also called benign positional paroxysmal vertigo or BPPV) results when crystals in the canals shift into the wrong position. Episodes usually occur when the head is moved in a certain way. This can happen when turning in bed, bending, or looking up. BPV:

  • Causes episodes of vertigo that last for seconds. These episodes can occur several times a day, depending on body position.

  • Doesn’t cause hearing loss.

  • Often goes away on its own, but may go away sooner with treatment.

Infection or Inflammation

Image

Sometimes the semicircular canals swell and send incorrect balance signals. This problem may be caused by a viral infection. Depending on the cause, hearing can be affected (labyrinthitis) or can remain normal (neuronitis).Infection or inflammation:

  • Causes episodes of vertigo that last for hours or days. The first episode is usually the worst.

  • Can cause hearing loss.

  • Often goes away on its own, but may go away sooner with treatment.

Meniere’s Disease

Image

Although uncommon, this condition happens when there is too much fluid in the canals. This causes increased pressure and swelling, and affects balance and hearing signals. Meniere’s disease may:

  • Cause episodes of vertigo that last for hours.

  • Cause fluctuating hearing problems, usually in one ear, that worsen over time.

  • Cause buzzing or ringing in the ears (tinnitus).

  • Cause a feeling of fullness or pressure in the ear.

  • Go away on its own. However, vertigo, hearing loss, tinnitus, and ear fullness can last a lifetime.

 

Was this helpful?

Yes No
 

Tell us more.

Check all that apply.
 
 
 
 
 
NEXT ▶

Last question: How confident are you filling out medical forms by yourself?

Not at all A little Somewhat Quite a bit Extremely

Thank You!

 
 Visit Other Fairview Sites 
 
 
(c) 2012 Fairview Health Services. All rights reserved.